If you love art and history, you should definitely visit the Vatican Museums in Rome.
The many sections contain a huge collection of antiques , perhaps the largest in the world.
The tour begins with the Egyptian museum , with its ten rooms containing sarcophagi , mummies, statues and pottery from the Roman age and Assyrian bas-reliefs . Further along the corridor you will find 800 Greek -Roman works, the Galleria Lapidaria (Lapidary Gallery) with its 5000 pagan and Christian inscriptions and the New Wing where you can admire the statue of Emperor Augustus and the statue of the Nile. These three masterpieces are part of the museum Chiaramonti .
In the Pio Clementino museum you can find Roman sculptures and works by A. Canova.
The Etruscan section is home to remarkable pieces such as vases found in the famous tomb at Cerveteri (Rome).
The four rooms called " stanze di Raffaello” (Raphael Rooms) and the halls called “Sala dei Chiaroscuri”, “Sala Vecchia degli Svizzeri” (Old Hall of the Swiss), the chapel called “Cappella Niccolina” and the Loggia composed the residence of Julius II. The rooms were adjoining and were painted by Raphael Sanzio (started in 1508).
The gallery of “Carte Geografiche” (historical maps) takes its name from the maps painted on the walls: 40 panels, each of them representing a region of Italy.
Finally, the Sistine Chapel , recently restored , where the cardinals reunite to celebrate the conclave for the election of the Pope. The Sistine Chapel takes its name from Pope Sixtus IV and was completed in 1480.
The architecture of the Sistine Chapel is rectangular, very simple but enriched by beautiful frescoes.
On the left side there are scenes from the life of Moses, and on the right side scenes from the life of Jesus Christ.
The side walls are the work of Italian painters such as Perugino , Botticelli and Ghirlandaio.
But the most significant work of the entire chapel is definitely the vault, decorated by Michelangelo Buonarroti in 1508, upon request of Pope Julius II.
Michelangelo beautifully represented humanity waiting for the Messiah .
Twenty years later, Michelangelo was called to paint the back wall of the Sistine Chapel, behind the altar, illustrating the Last Judgement , the real masterpiece of his artistic maturity .
In the fresco there are scenes from the Sacred Scripture and figures taken from Dante’s Divine Comedy such as Charon and Minos. In the lunettes there are the symbols of the Passion of Christ ; below, in the center, Jesus Christ , and on the right Hell is represented with the condemned souls falling.
The Sistine Chapel at the Vatican Museums in Rome represents a pure ideal of artistic perfection.
In his masterpiece, Michelangelo portrayed the Italian Renaissance with an eloquent and extraordinary pictorial language .